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July 15, 2015 / consort3

Ancient civilisations mystery

I recently did a tour of the Scottish Islands and was struck by the henges erected 5000 years ago. A cult swept through Britain at the time. The climate was more favourable in the North then. But how did they transport themselves between the Islands and the mainland? The guide suggested animal skin boats similar to todays Coracles and Currachs:

I remember Tim Severin’s re-creation of St Brendans voyage in a Currach

The neolithic people were smarter than we give them credit for. A recently discovered example are the stone age man made islands in Scottish lochs.

🆕In medieval times they used a boat called the Birlinn:

Civilisation is older than you think

Interesting documentary on this

Drought affected the Indus civilisation

The Indus civilisation is older than first thought

Lost wax casting process is 6000 years old

Deciphering the Indus valley script

Debunking the Ancient aliens stuff

This civilisation was unknown to me

How the Vikings carved up England

It is strange how the Vikings echoed the earlier Phoencians. Both built longships, both were long distance traders but there was a 2500 year gap in time.

The mystery of the Etruscans where they came from etc.

From 1565 to 1815 Spanish Galleons traded between Spain and the Philipines

Interesting theory about the Luwians (no, I had not heard of them either)

Luwians again

More on the Sea People theory

Another civilisation I had not heard of, the Kazars

Alcohol and civilisation 9000 years ago

Going back to the boat problem, one of the reasons the Phoenicians became an important civilisation were their longships

However the technology to build these was lost after the 3rd punic war:

Curious article on the Phoenicians

More on the Phoenicians

Development of the Greek Trireme ship 

🆕Egyptian Baris boat described by Herodotus

What the Aztecs can teach us

Medieval Shangri-la or Utopia

Interesting Myceanean find at Pylos


They are finally flooding Hasankeyf which has been home to 9 civilisations:

Earliest evidence of wine production:

Hanging gardens of Nineveh, I wonder how they powered the Archimedes screw.


The economic collapse in the Bronze age

Did the Scottish tobacco trade cause the American war of Independence?

Neolithic people did sophisticated carpentry

Bread is 14,400 years old!

🆕Massive Mayan Megapolis:

🆕Incredible Inca civilisation:

🆕List of civilizations and how long they lasted courtesy Luke Kemp. If your favourite civilisation is missing please let me know.


The six pristine civilisations are Mesopotamia, Egypt, Mesoamerican, Norte Chico, China and the Indus valley

🆕The fate of empires

🆕New theory about the mysterious Voynich manuscript: (Click on PDF)

The experts are pooh-poohing this but there might be something in it. I first got interested with Bax work :

Good background on the manuscript and the myriad efforts to interpret it:

Watching an old Timeteam episode about a Viking hoard “codename Ainsbrook” recently and I was struck by the puzzle of the site. It turns out it was a Viking Winter camp at Aldwark, hence the lack of identifiable features.

Where did writing begin?

I wondered if Bronze age Tin came from Cornwall, here is proof:

🆕Bronze age Copper came from Wales

🆕Ancient Egypt had a port on the Red sea

🆕I am amazed by the sophisticated trading links 3800 yeas ago:

🆕Excellent videos on ancient civilisations

The worst year to be alive was 536 apparently:

Stonehenge originated in the Welsh hills

At  525ft or 159metres Lincoln Cathedral was the tallest building in the world from 1311 to 1548 when the spire fell down in a storm. The spire was never replaced.  Curiously Old St Pauls Cathedral in London which was built about the same time was the second tallest at 489ft or 149metres . It became the tallest until 1561 when its spire burnt down. Salisbury Cathedral also built at the same time is 404ft or 123metres. Chesterfield church with its crooked spire gave me a clue on who built these edifices:—twisted-steeple.html

Nice to see that Notre Dame Cathedral is being re-built using the traditional Oak beams. I would have used Plybox or horror of horrors Aluminium extrusions!

Ancient societies had more bread, beer and veg. than previously thought:

Newtons Chronology of ancient Kingdoms published posthumously in 1728

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