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July 15, 2015 / consort3

Ancient civilisations mystery

I recently did a tour of the Scottish Islands and was struck by the henges erected 5000 years ago. A cult swept through Britain at the time. The climate was more favourable in the North then. But how did they transport themselves between the Islands and the mainland? The guide suggested animal skin boats similar to todays Coracles and Currachs:

http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue34/2/3-3.html

I remember Tim Severin’s re-creation of St Brendans voyage in a Currach

http://www.leathersmithe.com/the-brendan-voyage-select.html

The neolithic people were smarter than we give them credit for. A recently discovered example are the stone age man made islands in Scottish lochs.

Civilisation is older than you think

http://www.newsweek.com/turkey-archeological-dig-reshaping-human-history-75101

Interesting documentary on this

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IDXTmCwAETM

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150722144709.htm

http://www.nature.com/news/ancient-civilization-cracking-the-indus-script-1.18587

Drought affected the Indus civilisation

http://www.nature.com/news/two-hundred-year-drought-doomed-indus-valley-civilization-1.14800

The Indus civilisation is older than first thought

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Indus-era-8000-years-old-not-5500-ended-because-of-weaker-monsoon/articleshow/52485332.cms

Lost wax casting process is 6000 years old

http://www.popsci.com/bright-lights-illuminate-how-6000-year-old-artifact-was-made

Deciphering the Indus valley script

http://www.theverge.com/2017/1/25/14371450/indus-valley-civilization-ancient-seals-symbols-language-algorithms-ai

This civilisation was unknown to me

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sasanian_Empire

How the Vikings carved up England

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Boroughs_of_the_Danelaw

The mystery of the Etruscans where they came from etc.

http://www.pri.org/stories/2016-04-15/where-did-etruscan-people-come-we-still-dont-know-linguistic-and-genetic-clues

http://arstechnica.com/science/2016/03/rare-example-of-lost-language-found-on-stone-hidden-2500-years-ago/

From 1565 to 1815 Spanish Galleons traded between Spain and the Philipines

https://aeon.co/essays/the-manila-galleons-that-oceaneered-for-plague-and-profit

Interesting theory about the Luwians (no, I had not heard of them either)

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2087924-world-war-zero-brought-down-mystery-civilisation-of-sea-people/

More on the Sea People theory

http://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/199503/who.were.the.sea.people.htm

https://www.livescience.com/60629-ancient-inscription-trojan-prince-sea-people.html

Another civilisation I had not heard of, the Kazars

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khazars

Alcohol and civilisation 9000 years ago

http://www.spiegel.de/international/zeitgeist/alcohol-s-neolithic-origins-brewing-up-a-civilization-a-668642.html

Going back to the boat problem, one of the reasons the Phoenicians became an important civilisation were their longships

http://www.phoenician.org/ancient_ships.htm

However the technology to build these was lost after the 3rd punic war:

http://www.planetanalog.com/author.asp?section_id=3049&doc_id=564338&

Development of the Greek Trireme ship

http://www.hellenicaworld.com/Greece/Technology/en/Trireme.html

What the Aztecs can teach us

https://aeon.co/ideas/what-the-aztecs-can-teach-us-about-happiness-and-the-good-life

Medieval Shangri-la or Utopia

http://www.thegoldendream.com/landofcokaygne.htm

Interesting Myceanean find at Pylos

pylos

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/golden-warrior-greek-tomb-exposes-roots-western-civilization-180961441/?no-ist

https://phys.org/news/2017-11-team-rare-minoan-sealstone-treasure-laden.html

They are finally flooding Hasankeyf which has been home to 9 civilisations:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hasankeyf

Earliest evidence of wine production:

https://phys.org/news/2017-11-earliest-evidence-winemaking-team-year-old.html

 

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